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 Communities program (private) : Stakeholders, Activities, Resources 

The program employs a community-centered architecture as a defining set of organizing structures for the overall development framework. 

The community-centered conceptual framework places primary importance on community-scale governance, services systems and solutions, while recognizing the complex web of interconnections and dependencies that exist across communities and regions.

The concept of community as applied by the program has several defining characteristics : 

  • A spatial region bounded by a well-defined geographic boundary, which may be subject to territorial disputes and resolution mechanisms
  • A spatial context representing the lowest layer of policy within a multi-layered institutional and public policy structure
  • The presence of a public administration, typically a municipal organization, having delegated jurisdiction to create and enforce local policy, prepare plans and maintain financial accounts
  • Governance models that support physical interaction and communication between residents of the community
  • Direct provision of core public safety and security services such as police, fire and emergency medical services

Integrative community framework

The communities program is focused on iterative refinement and extension of the core community-centered development framework that serves as a primary integration focal point for the broader program portfolio. Ongoing activities are focused on producing a range of frameworks and models for technical implementation as part of community and regional infrastructure systems.

Community organizations, markets and services systems

The program is focused on development of circularized systems of production, exchange, distribution, consumption and recycling at community and regional scales.

The communities framework employs network models for structures and processes relating to production, exchange and distribution of resources in order to identify linkages, interconnections and dependencies between activities, as well as linear and circular flows of resources within and across spatial boundaries.

The network model applies to actors participating in production, exchange, distribution, consumption and recycling activities, whether as members of informal groups or affiliates of formal organizations. It relies on the concept of differentiated actor and group roles within extended activity networks.

Activities that involve interaction governed by public policy and which involve reciprocal exchange of value are further characterized as services, and networks of services described as services systems.

The framework applies the concept of markets to networks of interrelated services, or services systems, that involve policy-based regulation of exchange-oriented activities. The concept may be applied to networks spanning regions or constrained to a specific community or local area, and further constrained and segmented to describe specific services systems and subsystems or subsets of participants.

The communities framework employs a multi-layered policy model to distinguish between the various levels of public administration in a given spatial area. It further employs a layered services model to distinguish between the public services systems operated by public administrations within a multilayered governance structure.

Key communities sub-frameworks

Community services system models

Community services system models use the concept of service area to identify the spatial services delivery region, which may align with administrative boundaries or may represent special districts specifically designated for the services in the case of public services.

A given spatial area has a aggregate services system that represents the sum of all services systems operating within the region, and for each given services system, may include further constraints on service areas for each set of services.

The framework links service delivery organizations with one or more policy layers that correspond to the levels of public administration at which the organization is legally chartered or registered.

The program classifies services into one or more services systems. It employs a well-defined classification system for services systems based on the multidimensional framework describe here.

Community infrastructure models

The program framework is specifically focused on infrastructure resources, networks and services at the community and regional scales, including the interconnections and dependencies between regional infrastructure networks as well as the flows of resources across policy and spatial contexts at various scales.

The framework applies the integrative conceptual framework of community organizations, services and markets to several specific domains of infrastructure :

  • Technical infrastructure grid
  • Ecosystem infrastructure
  • Habitat infrastructure
  • Human infrastructure
  • Organization infrastructure
  • Market infrastructure

Digital infrastructure models

  • Digital transformation models : integrated infrastructure services
  • Technical interoperability framework

Community governance models

Community portfolio

The conceptual framework employs the concept of community portfolio to refer to the aggregate set of activities undertaken by stakeholders - jointly and separately - to develop and operate the range of services systems within the community. Such activities include setting and enforcing public and service system policies, as well as various related governance and management activities such as strategic and operational planning for organizations, programs, project portfolios and service systems.

The conceptual model further applies to the combined activities of public administrations, private enterprises, research and academic institutions, civil society and international organizations, and includes activities undertaken by legally-recognized organizational entities granted formal authorization to operate as well as informal production and trade-related activities undertaken by community members.

The conceptual community portfolio model includes the locally-applicable subset of policies, plans and services governed and managed by higher-level regional and national public administrations, including those sponsored by international and civil society organizations and multinational enterprises.

Community plan

The framework applies the concept of community plan to refer to formally-defined community stakeholder goals and intentions.

At a strategic level, the conceptual plan model may include qualitative goals defining desired future-states, abstract strategies defining the intended path to goal attainment and high-level policies defining expectations and constraints.

At an operational level, the conceptual plan model may include a range of specific objectives and milestones, along with concrete tactical measures by which stakeholders intend to achieve these objectives. The operational plan is expected to define resource requirements, preconditions and dependencies, as well as potential risks facing realization of objectives.

The community program plan is expected to include assessment and analysis of past, current and predicted future state of the community in various dimensions, in order to identity problems, risks and needs to be addressed as part of the planning process.

Community plans may vary widely in structure and content, but are expected to address a minimal set of core functions and services that are typically delegated to local administration; examples include :

  • Law enforcement, policing and public safety
  • Emergency services
  • Public and primary health services

Community plans typically address basic governance policies and processes, including :

  • Community stakeholder models : development stakeholders and services
  • Stakeholder engagement, collaboration models

Community program

The concept of community program refers to a formally-sponsored activity that meets defined  methodological standards, and which is actively developed and maintained with the participation of multiple community stakeholders.

The community program is expected to encompass some or all of the aggregate set of activities -- planned or actively underway -- to develop and operate the range of services systems within the community.

The community program may employ a variety of lifecycle and stakeholder engagement models, having varying degrees of formal governance, oversight or coordination between stakeholders.

Portfolio : Development | Ecosystems, Regions, Communities (Organizations, Services, Markets), Human, Habitat, Grid | Engineering

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